Peru geographic regions - geographical directory of tours and travel

South America - Central American - Travel Directory 

South and Central America travel directory and index of tours, hotels, cruises, transportation, vacation planners, trip guides, tour operators for organizing your travels to Latin America. 

Amazon cruises in Peru on board adventure river boats: 

Amazon riverboat eco tours to visit indigenous communities and atribes, birdwatching and adventure in company of naturalist guides..

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Regions

Peruvian Cities and Destinations

Information about cities and destinations in Peru that you are looking for, below is a short reference on each department of Peru, on the leftside menu bar is a link to a complete section dedicated to each region : 

Amazonas Peru 
Chachapoyas Peru 1 


The department of Amazonas, named after the Amazon River, provides an extraordinary view of endless leafy forest for those flying over the region. Here and there one can spot villages and towns, even large cities built with great effort in the middle of the jungle.One of these cities is Chachapoyas, capital of the department of Amazonas.

Ancash Peru 
Huaraz Peru 1 


Amidst the high Andean pastures and cropfields that make up the department of Ancash, one can almost always find a small church or village of red-tiled roofs with a fragrance of freshly-baked bread on the air. These are the everyday wonders of the Peruvian Andes. There, in all its ancient glory, lies the Callejón de Huaylas.

Apurimac Peru 
Abancay Peru 1 

Abancay, "the Valley of the White Lilies" in the Quechua language, needs no further arguments to entice the traveler. Founded in 1574, this colorful city, capital of the department of Apurímac, is famous for its superb local cuisine, offering mouth-water dishes such as cuy relleno (stuffed guinea pig), kapchi (a hearty soup of beans, milk and eggs) and huatia (meat cooked over hot stones). A good time to visit is during Carnival, held here in April.

Arequipa Peru 
Arequipa Peru 1 


The Misti volcano may be dormant, but Arequipa wakens every morning amidst a flurry of activity. And although the summit of the volcano is often wreathed by small clouds of smoke, the Arequipa townsfolk -proud of their land- do not fail to invite visitors to stroll through the streets of white stone and traditional squares. The lordly city of Arequipa owes the characteristic hue of its houses and other constructions to the white sillar stone quarried in the region.

Ayacucho Peru 
Ayacucho : Huamanga 1 

It is said that a thousand churches line the streets of Huamanga. But the truth is that in the capital of the department of Ayacucho, there is practically a church on every street corner: there are 33 in all, built in Huamanga during colonial times, each of them with their own history, their own art, their own personality.

Cajamarca Peru 
Cajamarca Peru 1 

Cajamarca conjures up images of fertile fields stretching along the roadside and climbing up the hillsides and across the highland plains and ravines.

The city of Cajamarca, considered the Historical and Cultural Heritage of the Americas, was transformed by the Inca empire into an important administrative, military and religious center.

Cusco Peru 
Cusco Peru 1 


Inca walls, colorful costumes, churches built on top of palaces, citadels lost in the Andean heights, legendary roads -all the beauty of a glorious past that enfolds the visitor who arrives in Cusco, the sacred city of the Incas and archaeological capital of the Americas. Ever since US archaeologist Hiram Bingham discovered the citadel of Machu Pichu for the world, Cusco has fired the imagination of thousands of travelers from all over the world who venture down the Inca Trail every year headed for the summit of one of the world's most extraordinary monuments.

Huacavelica Peru 
Huancavelica 1 


Bright green meadows and fertile fields form the perfect backdrop for Huancavelica. Shepherds watch over their flocks in the upper mountain reaches while the highland wind whips through the puna, the high Andean plain.

Huanuco Peru 
Huanuco 1 


Since time immemorial, Huanuco has witnessed many major events in Peruvian history. It was here that archaeologists found traces of human occupation in Lauricocha, the oldest settlement in Peru, and Kotosh, the Temple of the Crossed Arms, held to be the oldest in the Americas.

Ica Peru 
Ica 1 


Ica is known as an area of sand, sea, oases and valleys, the cradle of Peru's Creole culture, saints and medicine men, where the best pisco brandy is distilled and where religious fervor is strong in the worship of the Señor de Luren or the Yauca shrine.

Junin Peru 
Huancayo Peru 1 


Located in the department of Junín, the city of Huancayo, nicknamed the Incomparable, is a busy commercial and tourist city in the midst of the Andes. It is also the living symbol of a proud people.

La Libertad Peru 
Trujillo Peru 1 

The beautiful Trujillo is a friendly and colonial city, which is at the same time one of the main economic and cultural centers of northern Peru. What is more, it is the capital of the marinera dance and Peruvian El Paso horse breeding. It was the center of the Chimú culture (1100-1400 AD), whose Chan Chan citadel is the largest pre-Hispanic mud-brick construction in the Americas.

Lambayeque Peru 
Chiclayo Peru 1 

Chiclayo is a part of Peru where the tropical sun, desert oases and the fresh sea breeze come together. Legend has it that the god Naylamp sailed here together with a vast retinue thousands of years ago to found his empire. In fact, many ancient civilizations saw the strategic advantage of controlling this region, which today is a major business hub in northern Peru, where routes come together from the coast, highlands and jungle.

Lima Peru 
Lima 1 


Centuries before it was founded as the City of Kings, the territory of Lima, capital of Peru and of the department of Lima, was inhabited by civilizations that had gauged its wealth and strategic location. Proof of that can be seen in the countless huacas or temples that dotted the valley, particularly the Pachacamac shrine, a major pilgrimage center during the Inca empire. This spurred Spanish Conqueror Francisco Pizarro in 1535 to choose the Rímac River Valley to found the capital, as its location by the sea provided a link with sailing routes.

Lima Peru 
Callao Peru 1 


El Callao es y ha sido el puerto más importante del país. De gran importancia histórica y comercial, el puerto del Callao fue fundado en 1537 inicialmente como punto de embarque para las mercancías que eran llevadas a España.

Loreto Peru 
Iquitos Peru 1 

The city of Iquitos, capital of the department of Loreto, is Peru's main port along the Amazon River. Founded in 1757, the city began to boom from 1880 onwards as a result of the rubber tapping industry. One can still see signs of that economic bonanza in buildings such as the old Hotel Palace, built in Art Nouveau style with materials brought from Europe, and Casa de Fierro, designed by French architect Gustave Eiffel.

Madre de Dios Peru 
Puerto Maldonado Peru 1 

It is said that the Amazon forest is the only place that gives one the sensation of witnessing the dawn of time. Thousands of visitors are drawn to the diversity of the area's forests and rivers, arriving in the city of Puerto Maldonado, the capital of the department of Madre de Dios, ready to set out on a journey filled with excitement and discovery.

Moquegua Peru 
Moquegua 1 


Santa Catalina de Guadalcazár. This was the Spanish name for this town wedged in the heart of one of the most fertile valleys along the south Peruvian coast. Thanks to a benign climate, the Conquerors succeeded in planting sprawling vineyards and raking in abundant harvests.

Pasco Peru 
Pasco : Cerro de Pasco 1 


One of the highest cities in Peru, Cerro de Pasco, capital of the department of Pasco, in the central highlands, is also one of the most extraordinary places in the area. Its rough climate and high altitude contrast with the placid surrounding highland countryside.

Piura Peru 
Piura 1 


The city of Piura is such a merry city that its inhabitants talk in singsong tones. It was here that Spanish Conqueror Francisco Pizarro founded the first Spanish city in Peru, San Miguel de Piura, in 1532. The city's colonial churches house valuable collections of colonial art, while the town of Catacaos is famous for its fine straw and cotton arts and crafts, gold and silver filigree and delicious dishes served up at local eateries called picanterías.

Puno Peru 
Puno 1 


The City of Puno is one of Peru's foremost tourist destinations and one of the most interesting spots on the continent. Few cities lie by the shores of such a extraordinary body of water as Lake Titicaca, the world's highest navigable lake.

San Martin Peru 
Moyobamba Peru 1 

Moyobamba, la capital del departamento de San Martín, denominada La Ciudad de las Orquídeas, fue la primera ciudad del Perú que se fundó en la selva poco después de la conquista. Fue sede de las primeras órdenes religiosas misioneras que se establecieron en la zona y punta de lanza de su labor de catequesis, la misma que sirvió de base para la posterior colonización y desarrollo de la región.

San Martin Peru 
Tarapoto Peru 1 


Tarapoto, ciudad fundada en 1782 por el entonces obispo de Trujillo, Baltazar Martínez de Compañón, es una de las ciudades más activas del departamento de San Martín. Pese a ser un centro comercial, se encuentra en una región de gran historia y sobre todo de gran belleza natural.

Tacna Peru 
Tacna 1 


This city is the bastion of the essence of all things Peruvian. The frontier city of Tacna, the business hub of the southern tip of Peru and an interesting stopover. Its monuments, such as the arch of the Alto de la Alianza, reflect the important role this balmy city has played in Peruvian history.

Tumbes Peru 
Tumbes 1 


The summer in Tumbes is eternal, and the surroundings resemble Paradise. The fact it lies so close to the Equator has determined the landscape, which teems in plantlife. Its history dates back centuries, when the Tumpis, a tribe who were excellent sailors, settled in the far northwest of Peru. These were the first natives discovered by the Spaniards in 1532.

Ucayali Peru 
Pucallpa Peru 1 

Pucallpa is the capital of the department of Ucayali and one of the most progressive cities in the Peruvian Amazon. Industrial activity revolves around logging and agriculture. The region was first inhabited by the Pano tribe, who settled all along the Ucayali River and its tributary streams.

Sources: World Resources Institute, the Economist Intelligence Unit, and the World Bank Group. All statistics are as of the years 2000 and 2001 unless otherwise noted.